Types and Treatment of Diabetes

When people talk about Diabetes, insulin, glucose, and sugar are the most common words that pop into one’s mind. But do you really know what Diabetes is? In a nutshell, Diabetes is a disorder that is related with how one’s body uses food for energy. When you consume sugar, your body would normally break it down and generate or produce glucose that would then be circulated in your cells that would serve as sort of your body’s fuel. The pancreas also plays an important role in this process as it is responsible in moving the glucose to the cells with a hormone it produces called insulin. And so, if you have diabetes, this process gets all confused and broken.

There are two main types of Diabetes that affects people: Type 1 and Type 2. With Type 1 Diabetes, their pancreas cannot produce insulin at all. More often than not, Type 1 Diabetes shows up before the age of 30, but then again, it can occur to anyone at any age. Though Type 1 Diabetes is not completely understood by doctors, a genetic disorder can cause this disease to show up.

On the other hand, a sufficient and adequate amount of insulin is actually produced by the pancreas with Type 2 Diabetes but the body’s cells are unable to respond to the glucose. And since the glucose can’t be moved into the cells, blood glucose levels increase, resulting in other more serious complications. Normally, this transpires in adults more than 35 years old, but Type 2 Diabetes can also be seen in children. And in fact, a large 95% of all Diabetes patients are diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes.

There are many ways a Diabetes patient can be treated. Treatment to Type 1 Diabetes is different from Type 2 Diabetes. With the former, daily insulin injections is the primary method of treatment. An insulin shot helps keep the blood glucose levels from increasing too much. As for Type 2 Diabetes, oral medications are the most common treatment method to manage blood glucose. Type 2 Diabetes is actually dubbed as a lifestyle disease because it is prompted by the lack of exercise, obesity, among others.

While Diabetes can be caused by a genetic disorder, it is also important to note that with the right medication and a healthy lifestyle,diabetes is not as difficult, trying, or challenging as it appears to be.